Working Papers

Licensing Private Schools between a Complex Legal Framework and Procedural Constraints

Publication Number: ECES-WP182-A

November, 2015

Author : Dr. Fatma Salah

Type : Working Papers

Education is the key to development of societies and the driver of its progress. Despite efforts by the state to implement reform-oriented educational policies, and the allocation of substantial resources to spending on education and developing government schools to accommodate the steady increase in classroom density, the government remains unable to provide an acceptable quality of education.

The education system in Egypt faces many problems, including high classroom density, multiple-shift schools, and weak facilities and technological aids. This has weakened students’ ability to understand, discuss and research, rendering teaching to a mere memorization effort. Hence the necessity to shift education provision from being solely the responsibility of the state to expanding partnership with the private sector. This is dictated by reality and would reduce the burden on the public budget and address the education needs of the well-off segments of society.

Specifically, this study aims to highlight the licensing procedures for establishing private basic education schools that employ Egypt’s national system of education. The purpose is to determine the most important obstacles and suggest solutions that would encourage the private sector to utilize its potentials in funding and developing the educational system. This would be achieved through facilitating procedures of establishing private schools, and developing legislations that allow a fair rate of return on investment in this field.