This issue of Policy Viewpoint attempts to assess the effectiveness of recent measures adopted by the government to counter the impact of the global crisis on employment in Egypt. The Egyptian labor market suffers from structural problems that are the outcome of decades of failing to address the employment challenge. The study begins by giving an overview of labor market conditions and distortions prior to the crisis. Section two evaluates the depth and seriousness of the problem in light of the crisis. The study then assesses government measures to activate the national economy, and finally concludes by recommending ways to address the employment problems in Egypt.