This conference attempted to contribute to ongoing efforts aimed at generating appropriate and sufficient job opportunities, enhancing productivity and alleviating poverty. In particular, it discussed: 1. Employment, productivity and poverty in various sectors of the economy;2. ways to enhance the quality of jobs and linkages between SMEs and large firms; and3. gender occupational inequality in the new millennium in Egypt. The conference featured presentations by local and foreign experts, distinguished panelists, and an equally well-informed audience.